ITLOS and other international dispute settlement institutions for law of the The bulk of the Statute deals with the organization of the ITLOS. The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) is an intergovernmental organization created by the mandate of the Third United Nations Conference. The ITLOS website, under “Jurisdiction” includes information on Competence, ITLOS Publications (available in the Pence Law Library).

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In either case, the subject of the dispute and the parties shall be indicated.

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

A State Party is free to choose one or more of these means by a written declaration to be made under article of the Convention and deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations declarations made by States Parties under article The Tribunal shall statut a chamber for dealing with a particular dispute submitted to it if the parties so request.

All reported decisions have a headnote, the full text of the decision, and are linked to the Oxford Law Citator. The origins of the Convention date from 1 November when Ambassador Arvid Pardo of Malta addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations and called for “an effective international regime over the seabed and the ocean floor beyond a clearly defined national jurisdiction”. They shall be subject to review and revision by the Tribunal.

You may republish or adapt this guide for educational purposes, as long as proper credit is given. The persons elected to the Tribunal shall be those nominees who obtain the largest number of votes and a two-thirds majority of itloz States Parties present and voting, provided that such majority includes a majority of the States Parties.

To date, twelve multilateral agreements have been concluded which confer jurisdiction on itllos Tribunal relevant provisions of these agreements. No member of the Tribunal may act as agent, counsel or advocate in any case.

The decision of the Tribunal is final and shall be complied with by all the parties to the dispute. If the parties to a dispute have not accepted the same settlement procedure, the dispute may be submitted only to arbitration in accordance with Annex VII, unless the parties otherwise agree.

: The Tribunal

They may not be decreased during the term of office. Find Books and Articles. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.


The Tribunal may sit and exercise its functions elsewhere whenever it considers this desirable. The Convention entered into force on November 16,and established an international framework for law over “all ocean space, its uses and resources”. The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention i.

The Tribunal shall appoint its Registrar and may provide for the appointment of such other officers as may be necessary. If, in the unanimous opinion of the other members of the Tribunal, a member has ceased to fulfil the required conditions, the President of the Tribunal shall declare the seat vacant.

The Tribunal shall frame rules for carrying out its functions. Reports of Judgments, Advisory Opinions, and Orders.

The members of the Tribunal shall be elected for nine years and may be re-elected; provided, however, that of the members elected at the first election, the terms of seven members shall expire at the end of three years and the terms of seven more members shall expire at the end of six years.

It requires States Parties to settle their disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention by peaceful means indicated in the Charter of the United Nations.

It shall be read in open court, due notice having been given to the parties to the dispute. Should there be several parties in the same interest, they shall, for the purpose of the preceding provisions, be considered as one party only.

One of the most important parts of the Convention concerns the exploration for and exploitation of the resources of the seabed and ocean floor and subsoil thereof, beyond the limits of national jurisdiction the Area. Disputes before the Tribunal are instituted either by written application or by notification of a special agreement.

If all the parties to a treaty or convention already in force and concerning the subject-matter covered by this Convention so agree, any disputes concerning the interpretation or application of such treaty or convention utlos, in accordance with such agreement, be submitted to the Tribunal.

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea – Wikipedia

The “Enrica Lexie” Incident. In the event of an equality of votes, the President or the member of the Tribunal who acts in his place shall have a casting vote. If they disagree, or if any party fails to make an appointment, the President of the Seabed Disputes Chamber shall promptly make the appointment itloz appointments from among its members, after consultation with the parties.


The Tribunal may form such chambers, composed of three or more of its elected members, as it considers necessary for dealing with particular categories of disputes. The composition of such a chamber shall be determined by the Seabed Disputes Chamber with the approval of the parties.

The members of the Tribunal shall be elected from the list of persons thus nominated. When one of the parties does not appear before the Tribunal or fails to defend its case, the other party may request the Tribunal sattute continue the proceedings and make its decision. Part XV of the Convention lays down a comprehensive system for the settlement of disputes statte might arise with respect to the interpretation and application of the Convention.

This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat Find International Court Documents: With a view to the speedy dispatch of business, the Tribunal shall form annually a chamber composed of five of its elected members which may hear and determine disputes by summary procedure.

Every member of the Tribunal shall, before taking up his duties, make a solemn declaration in open session that he will exercise his powers impartially and conscientiously. He shall prepare a list in alphabetical order of all the persons thus nominated, with an indication of the States Parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the States Parties before the seventh day of the last month before the date of each election. The jurisdiction of the Tribunal comprises all disputes and all applications submitted to it in accordance with this Convention and all matters specifically provided for in any other agreement which confers jurisdiction on the Tribunal.

The members of the Tribunal whose terms are to expire at the end of the above-mentioned sgatute periods of three and six years shall be chosen by lot to be drawn by the Secretary-General of the United Nations immediately after the first election. Whenever sttute interpretation or application of this Convention is in question, the Registrar shall notify statutr States Parties forthwith.

In the Tribunal stahute a whole the representation of the principal legal systems of the world and equitable geographical distribution shall be assured.

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